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Archive for the ‘Dwight’s Picks’ Category

saving otterOtters have got to be one of the cutest, most adorable animals in the world. They are also one of the most helpless animals when they are newborn. When a baby otter in distress is found near Monterey Bay, California, marine biologist Karl Mayer begins the long and difficult process of rehabilitating and educating this otter so that he can eventually be reintroduced back into the wild. This documentary is the story of this otter, nicknamed Otter 501 because he is the 501st otter to be rehabilitated by Mayer and other biologists at the Monterey Bay Aquarium.

Fortunately for Otter 501, much has been learned about what works and what does not work in this type of rehab since the first otter was helped many years ago.  Otters who enter the program are assigned a number rather than a name, and staff wear special suits with large welding helmets that prevent the otters from recognizing them. The star of the program is Toola, a female otter who gave birth to a stillborn pup when she was in rehab herself, and now is used as a surrogate mother to pups like Otter 501.  It is quite moving to see some of the key moments in the relationship that develops between Toolah and Otter 501, which include the moment she first gains his confidence and when she shows him how to dive underwater in one of the main tanks at the Monterey Bay Aquarium.  Prospects for Otter 501 to survive in the wild are not great, but Toola gives him a fighting chance.  I won’t give away the ending, but it is a bittersweet one — be sure to have the tissues nearby!

There is a wealth of information about otters presented here, much of it new to me.  Some of it is quite sobering. One of the most depressing facts is that this animal, once prevalent from Northern Russia into Alaska and all the way down the Pacific coast of the United States, was hunted to near extinction in the late 19th century.  The 2000 or so that are left  (up from 50 at first count) are carefully monitored by marine biologists. The many fascinating behaviors of these endangered animals are sure to mesmerize you. My favorite one was watching them crack open clam shells with a stone on their tummies while they float on their backs in the water.

There is a lot to like about this documentary. The cinematography is excellent: the views of Monterey Bay were gorgeous and the many close-ups of otters were exceptional.  I plan on watching other fine programs in the Nature Series put out by PBS; WRL has over 30 of these programs.

There is nothing like seeing these creatures live and up close. The Virginia Aquarium in Virginia Beach, VA has an otter exhibit that I enjoyed seeing a few years ago.  A little further away in Atlanta is the Georgia Aquarium, the world’s largest aquarium and one of my favorite places I have visited.  It has several exhibits that feature otters, it has  a special Sea Otter Encounter Program, and it is actively involved with otter rehabilitation like the Monterey Bay Aquarium.

This is a great documentary, and I highly recommend it to anyone interested in animals and animal rescue operations.  To further entice you to see this, you can see a short video clip and nine incredibly cute pictures of Otter 501 here.

Check the WRL catalog for Saving Otter 501

 

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mad science This daily guide to memorable inventions and discoveries comes from Wired magazine’s popular blog “This Day in Tech.”  The book covers a wide range of subjects, including medicine, computers, food and war.  Each article is short (one page) and concise.  The daily entries also mention two other discoveries made on the same day, as well as two discoveries made in the same year. 

I found most of the articles to be entertaining and informative, the perfect material to use at your next cocktail party.  For instance, I thought it was interesting that on November 11th, 1930, Albert Einstein applied for a US patent for one of the few commonplace inventions of his life, a refrigerator that used a complex process involving ammonia, butane and water. It was exceptional because it didn’t use freon or electricity, but it was not nearly as efficient at cooling as standard refrigerators of the time, so it never became a commercial success. Modern researchers have tweaked his formula and have been able to increase the cooling capacity of his refrigerator, so the verdict is still out on Einstein’s fridge.

Some of these inventions didn’t catch on right away with the public. Sylvan Goldman of the Humpty Dumpty supermarket chain in Oklahoma City came up with one of the first grocery carts on June 4, 1937.  He wanted to make it easier for his customers to carry their groceries, and at the same encourage them to buy more, but the public initially resisted using them. Women thought they were unfashionable and men feared that using them would make them look weak.  So he hired male and female models to push them around in his supermarkets, and before long the grocery carts became a huge success.

Some of these inventions had unintended uses that became much more popular with the public.  My favorite one in this category involved a Dr. John Kellogg, a strict Seventh-Day Adventist who taught the importance of a healthy diet to his mostly wealthy patients at his sanitarium in Michigan. He came up with bland cornflakes as a way for his patients to achieve a balanced diet. But his brother Will saw a different opportunity by adding lots of sugar to those cornflakes and, with lots of marketing savvy, the Kellogg cereal company quickly became a big business.  John  of course was very unhappy with the way his brother Will was using his cornflakes, and he sued him in court and lost.

Most of these articles can be found on “This Day in Tech” blog on wired.com.  The  online versions are slightly longer than those in the book, with larger pictures and text size, so they are easier to read. The online stories aren’t indexed, though you could try a Google search for “This Day in Tech” and the title of the entry you want to read.  I enjoyed reading these both online and in print, so I would encourage others do the same.

Highly recommended!

Search the WRL catalog for Mad Science

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angrybird1I have been an avid birdwatcher for years and I am always on the lookout for new and interesting bird books in the library’s collection, so I was excited to see this on the library’s new book shelf.

This book is unique in that it shows what happens when real birds get angry.

Birds are grouped into four levels of angry behavior: annoyed, testy, outraged and furious.  Each level presents snapshots of a wide variety of birds, which include a photo of the bird, a helpful “rap sheet”  of useful facts about the bird that includes its species, physical description, known whereabouts, aliases, and a very brief description of its angry behaviors along with a one-page summary of the bird and its angry behavior.

I found a few of these birds and their behaviors to be quite common, like the Northern Cardinal fighting its reflection in a car window.  But most were new to me and I think they will be new to most readers here in the United States. I especially enjoyed reading about the following birds.

The Fieldfare is one of the annoyed birds. It is a medium-sized songbird from Europe that groups together for protection—when a larger bird like a raven encroaches on their territory, the alarm call is given, and a flock of fieldfares will mob the intruder and shower it with a burst of their collective poop.  This is not just nasty but can prevent the intruder from flying and staying warm, and can even lead to death.

The Masked Lapwing is a testy bird that looks like a character from a Stars Wars movie. It likes to hang out in open spaces like golf courses and playgrounds. It  screams at any people who get too close, and it will not hesitate to use the sharp spurs on it wings, which like a pocket knife can inflict painful wounds on any intruders.

My favorite bird is the Northern Fulmar, an outraged bird from the Arctic regions that protects itself in a unique way, by vomiting a noxious stomach oil onto its predators (or victims).  This particularly nasty oil, which is based on their diet of seafood that includes fish and shrimp, can cause death  to other birds and some rodents,  but can also be used as an emergency source of nourishment for the Fulmar if the bird is unable to hunt for food.  I think the photo of a baby Northern Fulmar engaging in this behavior is particularly amusing.

Interspersed among the snapshots of these real angry birds are two other features. The first is a series of short feathered facts about birds getting angry and taking action.  The second feature is a description of several of the major birds from the mega-hit Angry Birds game, including Terence, Chuck, Matilda and Red.  Each bird gets a background story, a  description of what makes them mad and a rap sheet much like the real angry birds, all of which can help you better appreciate the game.

This book would definitely appeal to younger readers with the tie-in to the popular Angry Birds game. But the interesting stories, high-quality photographs, and well-organized content make this a must-read for anyone interested in birds.  Highly recommended.

Check the WRL catalog for Angry Birds

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I’ve always been a fish guy, and I’ve had aquariums for as long as I can remember.  About a year ago I made a special trip to Atlanta to see the Georgia Aquarium, the world’s largest aquarium.  I was totally blown away by the size of the exhibits and the incredible diversity of sea life.

I recently discovered this book on the new bookshelf, and I am again blown away by some of the same creatures I saw at the Georgia Aquarium.  Sea features over a hundred incredible photos of sea life from the acclaimed photographer Mark Laita.  The colors are so vibrant that these animals almost jump off the page (which thankfully they don’t do) and many are breathtakingly beautiful.

You will not want to miss my top three favorites: the incredible blue & green colors of the Portuguese man o’ war, which looks like an oversized jellyfish with long tentacles; the tessellate eel, a serpent-like creature with a yellow & white pattern with black dots; and a group of moon jellyfish, with the pale blue colors imbedded with electric neon-white flower patterns.

Laita explains in the introduction how he was able to achieve such amazing detail with his photos.  He did this by recreating the sea in his studio using custom built  fish tanks and lighting where he could frame the animals and control the exposure of his photos.  For some of the bigger creatures, like the whale shark, he visited several aquariums (like the Georgia Aquarium) to get their pictures.  Those pictures are much less interesting, and the colors look rather drab compared to those he took in his studio.  But most of the photos in this book are studio-produced and contain unique details like color that you won’t find in any other resource.

I liked the layout of the book, with a few exceptions.  His photos are presented one per page on a black background without descriptions or page numbers to distract from the visual experience.  There is a helpful information index at the back of the book that includes a small snapshot of each creature’s photo along with their name, temperament, maximum length and distribution.  Some people might find the lack of descriptive information on each page annoying (I found the lack of page numbers to be annoying), but you get used to it.  I do think it would take away from the visual experience if he had included them.  Laita provides very general information about how he took these pictures,  though he does not reveal technical details that many would like to know, like what cameras he used and  what programs he used to develop his pictures.  I would also like to have seen a few photos of his studio when he working on this project to see what his custom built fish tanks looked like and the size and position of the strobe lights he used.

Mark Laita has built quite a reputation as a photographer, and he has worked on a multitude of projects.  You can see many of his photos,  including those in this book,  on his web site,  www.marklaita.com.  You should definitely look at the photos from his latest project, Serpentine, which features amazing colors and  shapes of 100 of the most poisonous snakes in the world.  While working on this project he was actually bitten by a deadly black mamba snake, which he didn’t realize until the next day when he was looking at his photographs.  Check out the story from The Daily Mail.  The snake photos, like the sea photos in this book, are absolutely gorgeous. Hopefully the library will be able to get this book when it comes out later this year.

Check the WRL catalog for Sea

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This is an exceptional historical drama about the Big Three leaders of  the Allied front—Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt—and how they worked together to fight and overcome Hitler’s Nazi war machine in World War 2.  It offers a fascinating and unique “behind the scenes” look at the negotiations and decisions made by these three men. This insider view is enhanced by the fact that David Rintels, who wrote the screenplay, based most of the dialogue on transcripts, reports and memoirs of that time,  which lends an air of authenticity and significance to the dialogue, even when minute and mundane matters are discussed.

This three-hour film covers all of the major events of this great war from beginning to end. This includes many of the major conflicts like the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the Battle of Stalingrad and the D-Day invasion. Newsreel footage from each of these major events adds realism to the movie and significance to the diplomacy of the Big Three leaders.  Several meetings between the leaders are featured prominently,  including the important and well-known conferences in Tehran in 1943 and in Yalta in 1945.  Many of these meetings  involved a good deal of discord and wrangling: Churchill, for instance, was vehemently opposed to the spread of communism and was especially concerned about the fate of Poland when the war ended, while Stalin pushed long and loud for a second front in the West to help relieve his armies in Russia, and often accused the other two leaders of not doing enough.

The acting is first-rate: Bob Hoskins as Churchill, John Lithgow as Roosevelt, and Michael Caine as Stalin do a fine job with their very demanding roles. I especially liked Michael Caine, who had his part down pat; with his height, make-up and accent he made for an often chilling Stalin, so it is no surprise to me that he was nominated for an Emmy for his performance.  I also liked Ed Begley Jr. as Roosevelt’s aide Harry Hopkins and Jan Triska as Stalin’s aide Vyacheslav Molotov; both are very believable as top assistants carrying out the plans of their respective leaders.

I would recommend this movie, which won one Emmy award and was nominated for five others, to anyone interested in the history of World War 2. Because of its comprehensive coverage, it could be a good way for students to learn about this war,  and would also be a good movie to watch on Memorial Day.  I showed it to my 81-year-old Dad, who has seen every WW2 movie at least a dozen times and who was not interested in watching any of them for a thirteenth time.  But he paid this movie the biggest compliment when he thanked me at least three times over the next day or so for getting and watching this movie with him.

Check the WRL catalog for World War II: When Lions Roared

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We truly live in an affluent society here in the US of A. There are a plethora of services available to make our lives more comfortable and more fulfilling, and more seem to be added every day. And most of the time, we get what we pay for.

Sometimes, though, a breakdown occurs between what is promised and what is delivered. You complain, but to no avail. What should you do?  Reading this book would be a good way to start. Jon Yates is the Official Problem Solver of the Chicago Tribune, and  in this book he shows how he has  helped people overcome myriad problems and get the service they deserve.  I have had my share of problems, but they pale in comparison to those mentioned in this book, which range from dreadful to downright scary. Take the case of the lady who survived brain surgery only to find she owed the hospital $300,000 when the insurance company wouldn’t pay her claim. Then there is the ice-cream store owner who realized why his utility bill was so high: he had been paying the bill of a neighboring business for four years, and when he confronted the utility company, they refused to reimburse him.

Jon Yates’s strategy is based on what he calls the “Problem Solver’s Golden Rule” that people must stick up for themselves and at least try to fix their own problems. You have to get tough if you are going to fight the big guys, those companies and agencies that treat you like another number or statistic. Yates cites three basic and universal keys to solving your own problems. First, businesses are out to make money, and you must convince them that NOT helping you is going to cost more than helping you (by complaining, which he turns in to a fine art). My favorite and probably the most helpful advice can be found in his 10 consumer commandments. You will learn how you can complain to get the best possible results, the importance of keeping all of your paperwork (which can be challenging since more and more transactions are done online now) and several other important things to keep in mind, such as never giving out your personal information to anyone you do not know in any medium, whether it be in person, over the phone or in an email.

The book is broken up into 16 easy-to-read chapters and covers a wide variety of businesses and bureaucracies to look out for, from health insurance companies to airlines to public utilities. There are chapters to help you with a specific task, like “Dial H for human being,” which is filled with tips on how to get what you need from those dreaded customer service calls, and “Poisoned Pen,” which explains how to write a successful complaint letter. One of the most valuable aspects of the book is the appendix, which includes all of the phone numbers, websites and other resources that are mentioned in each chapter.

I have added this valuable resource book to my personal collection, and I recommend that you check out a copy from WRL.

Check the WRL catalog for What’s Your Problem?

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Anyone who is tired of watching the typical Hollywood blockbuster movie should see this rare gem about the power of transformation. Tom (Martin Sheen) is a doctor from California who gets the news that every parent dreads—that his estranged son Daniel (Emilio Estevez) has died in an accident in the mountains of southern France while attempting to walk the famous El Camino de Santiago. When Tom visits France to recover his son’s body, he is helped by a local police captain, Henri (Tchéky Karyo, who played General Lafayette in The Patriot). Henri explains to Tom that pilgrims have walked this 500-mile trail for over a thousand years, seeking transformation on the journey and at its end, the Santiago de Compostola, where the bones of St. James are said to be buried. After going through Daniel’s personal effects, which include little more than his backpacking gear, Tom decides to walk the Way himself, using his son’s gear,  and he honors his son in a special way as he walks the trail.

Along the way he meets and walks with three very different people, all of whom have their own reasons for walking El Camino. There is a jovial Dutchman, Joost,  who is undertaking the journey to lose weight. There is the bitter Canadian, Sarah,  who wants to quit smoking. And then there is the comical Irishman, Jack, who wants to write the big novel but has been suffering from a bad bout of writer’s block. As they progress on the 500-mile journey, they learn much about themselves and each other as they experience the sights and sounds of the Camino. As they get to know each other, they slowly build a sense of community, helping each other find the transformation that they all seek. And together they learn the difference between the life they live and the life they choose.

There are many qualities that make this movie stand out. The acting is excellent. One of the reasons I saw this in the theater was because of Martin Sheen. I had just finished  watching all seven  seasons of  The West Wing, a TV show about the White House, where he figured prominently as President Josiah Bartlett. I wanted to see him act in a  different and much more demanding role. He doesn’t disappoint. Emilio Estevez is great as Tom’s son (and is Martin Sheen’s oldest son in real life), and also directs and produces the movie. They are supported by a fine cast of actors: Yorick van Wageningen as Joost,  Deborah Kara Unger as Sarah, and James Nesbitt as Jack.

As an avid traveler, I loved to see what the El Camino was like in the movie and would love to experience it for myself some day. The many scenic views of the El Camino were well chosen and were often breathtaking. The movie is enhanced by the wonderful music of Tyler Bates and songs from the likes of James Taylor and Alanis Morissette.

Williamsburg Regional Library has some resources you should check out if you want to know more about the Camino. They include Jack Hitt’s book  Off the Road: A modern-day walk down the pilgrim’s route into Spain which was used as a basis for the movie, but there are several others, including The Road to Santiago by  Kathryn Harrison, Travels with My Donkey: one man and his ass on a pilgrimage to Santiago by Tim Moore, and  Walk in a Relaxed Manner : life lessons from the Camino by Joyce Rupp. And coming up in May 2012, Martin Sheen and Emilio Estevez will be releasing their book Along the Way: The Journey of a Father and Son.

Check the WRL catalog for The Way

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This companion guide to the excellent DVD series by the same name presents so much new information about the great classical composers and the places where they lived that I thought it deserved its own post here on BFGB.

One of the first things you will notice about this book are the hundreds of beautiful and sometimes stunning photographs of Wendy McDougall. Her pics of indoor concert halls and palaces (like the Hermitage in St. Petersburg) are just as impressive as her panoramic pics, like those of the Norwegian fjords and the old city of Prague.  I was especially taken by her photograph of the Church of the Saviour on the Spilled Blood in St. Petersburg, where you can see many of the ornate details of a Russian orthodox church, so different from the churches you see in Western Europe. Her many fine pictures go well with the HD images in the series and make this book an excellent choice for a coffee-table book.

The book also serves as an excellent source of travel information about these destinations.  Every destination city has a “City at a Glance” section with many of the same features that you will find in hundreds of other travel guides, features like climate, top 5 tourist attractions, and popular shopping locations. But what makes it unique is its emphasis on classical music. It has a “Composers” section that lists the composers who lived and worked in that city (Vienna and St. Petersburg tie for the most composers who lived in their city, with 14 each).  It also has a list of composer museums/ homes that you can visit in the city.

Most importantly for the traveler, though, is a list of annual musical events held in that city, with a brief description of each event, time of year it is held, and the event website where you can go to get more information. It’s too late if you want to attend the world famous Salzburg Festival, a tribute to the music of Mozart which is held in July and August of every year. But it’s not too early to plan to see Salzburg’s Mozart Week, held in January, when it can be cold and snowy in Salzburg.

One of my favorite features of the City at a Glance section is the “Top 2 Coffee Houses” feature. The Café Tomaselli is one of the top 2 in Salzburg, though be forewarned, Mozart often went there and complained on more than one occasion about the quality of the coffee. But the authors insist that the quality of the coffee has improved considerably since then, and the café is now one of the best in Salzburg. Drinking coffee and hanging out in coffee shops was a popular pastime, as many composers besides Mozart frequented them. Johann Sebastian Bach liked his daily cup of joe so much that he composed one of his very few secular cantatas in praise of the beverage and, not surprisingly, called it the “Coffee Cantata.” It is one of my all time favorite choral pieces (think of it as Bach in a good mood) and it is definitely worth seeking out.

The book also has a useful “Composer at a Glance” feature that highlights the lives of 16 composers mentioned in the DVD series.  It includes basic biographical information and mentions some of their greatest musical works. It highlights some of the challenges they had to face in their lives; many of them, like Mozart and Vivaldi, had extreme financial challenges; others, like Grieg, Schubert, and Beethoven, had to cope with severe health problems.

The book, written by Matt Wills, one of the co-hosts of the DVD series, serves as an excellent introduction to the world of classical music. Its combination of high-quality photographs with highly relevant information about these classical destinations and composers make it a very useful resource to those interested in classical music, and it is an excellent companion guide to the Classical Destinations DVD series.

If you want to hear some of the music mentioned in the book and DVD, you should listen to the companion Classical Destinations album, a 2-CD set of 24 pieces of music with over 2 ½ hours of music. It includes the wonderful Classical Destinations theme tune by Terracini played by the incredibly talented violinist and series co-host, Niki Vasilakis. The music of 17 of the great classical composers is arranged by region and includes many gems of the classical repertoire, including Mozart’s beautiful “Ave verum corpus,” the Largo movement from Dvorak’s “New World” symphony, and a rousing rendition of Sibelius’ Finlandia.

Check the WRL catalog for Classical Destinations: An Armchair Guide to Classical Music.

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Anyone with an interest in classical music must see this amazing travelogue, which explores some of Europe’s most beautiful cities and the composers whose lives and music had such a great impact upon them.  It includes 13 episodes (5 ½ hours total time) with over 14 major destinations, including my favorites, Salzburg, Vienna, Prague, and Venice. It features many well-known composers, like Mozart, Bach, Beethoven, Tchaikovsky, and Vivaldi as well as some lesser-known composers, like Sibelius and Shostakovich.

Classical Destinations takes you on a grand tour of the places and the music that made these composers famous. The places include many of the famous buildings and landmarks of Europe where these composers lived and worked, including St. Mark’s Square in Venice, the Schönbrunn palace in Vienna, and the Old Town of Prague. You are also taken on a tour of some of the most beautiful landscapes of Europe, like the fjords in Norway and the Moldau River in the Czech Republic that inspired composers like Grieg and Smetana to compose some of their greatest music.

The music, of course, is glorious, and it is infused throughout the tour. When you visit St. Mark’s Square, you are treated to an excerpt of Monteverdi’s Vespro della Beata Vergine and Vivaldi’s “La Primavera:” Concerto for Violin and Strings in E Major. When you tour Vienna, which was the music and cultural capital of the world for hundreds of years, you will get to hear music from several great composers who made Vienna their home, like Mozart, Brahms, Schubert, and Mahler.

Classical Destinations is narrated by the actor Simon Callow, with help from Matt Wills and Niki Vasilakis. Niki plays the violin part in the wonderful Classical Destinations theme tune and also plays her violin at many of the destinations. The series was filmed in HD (high-definition) quality video, so the picture and the sound are top quality.

I loved this travelogue and I hope you will take the time to watch, listen, and experience these classical destinations. My only regret is that it did not cover more of the great destinations of Europe, particularly Paris, where many of the great French composers like Berlioz and Saint-Saens lived and worked. Hopefully there will be a Classical Destinations 2 sometime in the near future. But this one is an excellent introduction to the world of classical music. Highly recommended.

Check the WRL catalog for Classical Destinations.

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Jack McDevitt is one of my favorite science fiction authors. I discovered him by searching for award-winning books on our NoveList database, and found his novel The Seeker won the prestigious Nebula award for 2006. I thoroughly enjoyed that book and the other books in the series, which features antiquities dealer Alex Benedict and his assistant Chase Kolpath.

Another series of McDevitt’s that I have enjoyed reading features Priscilla Hutchins, a space pilot. In Omega, the fourth novel in the series, she gives up her wings to become the Director of Operations for the International Space Agency.

Thankfully she doesn’t have long to dwell on the downside of  running a large bureaucracy and all of the red tape that goes with it. A mysterious dark cloud deep in outer space is destroying any artificial structures and any life that gets in its way. Upon investigation, it is found that this destructive cloud, called the omega, is only three months away from overtaking a world with a pre-industrial alien civilization. The creatures are nicknamed the “Goompahs” for their resemblance to the characters in a popular children’s show, and when news of their fate is beamed back to Earth, they garner a great deal of support and sympathy from the public.

So Priscilla Hutchins puts together a two-pronged rescue mission. One team is dispatched to try and divert the omega away from the Goompah homeworld. Another team, anthropologist Digger Dunn and pilot Kellie Collier, is sent to the Goompah planet in an attempt to warn the Goompahs before it is too late. They are limited by the ISA’s strict non-interference policy with alien cultures. Thus, using lightbenders, devices that make them virtually invisible, they observe (mostly unnoticed) Goompahs in their theaters, stores, and parks, picking up their language and their culture. A major breakthrough occurs when they find a Goompah library and are able to copy scrolls that enable them to piece together the written language of the Goompahs.

Digger and Collie make an astonishing discovery that makes their mission seem almost impossible. But when attempts to divert the omega fail, and it comes bearing down on the Goompah planet, they have no choice but to try and make direct contact with these creatures in a last-ditch effort to save them. A very exciting and fun novel from Jack McDevitt. Highly recommended.

Check the WRL catalog for Omega.

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This made for TV HBO docudrama explores the little known early life of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, before he became President of the United States and led his country through the Great Depression and the Second World War. In 1923, in the prime of his early life, Roosevelt is struck with infantile paralysis, or polio, after visiting a group of boy scouts at their summer camp for a photo opportunity.

The movie is about his struggle with the disease, which leaves him crippled from the waist down.  Determined to get help any way he can, Franklin visits Warm Springs, a dilapidated spa in rural Georgia. Though he is appalled at how run-down the place is, he is determined to try out the warm spring waters for which the place is named. From his first encounter, he realizes how therapeutic the water is, and, feeling rejuvenated (though not completely well), he decides to stay for an extended period of time. Word of his adventures gets out, and soon other people with polio make the effort, some at great sacrifice, to get to Warm Springs and also experience the healing properties of its warm mineral water.

There are several issues that FDR faces as he attempts to deal with the  trauma and limitations of his disability in Warm Springs. One of these is discrimination. Roosevelt is told at one point that his frequent use of the springs is driving away the local clientele, who won’t go near him or others with polio, shriveling up an already dwindling business. FDR finds a young man very sick with polio in the back of a train, where he had been forced to travel alone for days without food or water. Another issue he deals with is the skepticism of those in the local medical profession that the waters could do any good for someone with polio. Roosevelt handles these and other issues with courage and daring, making a positive impact on not only his own life but on those around him as well.  Warm Springs still carries on his legacy as the Roosevelt Warm Springs Rehabilitation Center.

What makes this movie really shine are the exceptional actors, especially  Kenneth Branagh, the fine English actor, as a young Franklin Roosevelt, Cynthia Nixon as a shy Eleanor Roosevelt, Tim Blake Nelson as Tom Loyless, the ailing manager of Warm Springs, and Kathy Bates as the physical therapist Helena Mahoney.  These actors add a tremendous amount of realism and color to the story and make the movie all the more memorable to watch.

Warm Springs has made a lasting impression on me since I have a quadriplegic father who I have helped for the past couple of years, so I can identify with many of the themes of this movie. If you know someone who faces physical challenges you will certainly want to see this movie. It will make you more sensitive to the needs of others as well as give you a new and better appreciation of the man who was our 32nd president. Highly recommended.

Check the WRL catalog for Warm Springs

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The cast of the  popular but long-canceled sci-fi show Galaxy Quest are languishing at yet one more convention of fans. The Thermians are alien looking creatures in desperate need of help who think they have found it on a place called Earth.  The burned-out cast of characters connects with these aliens in this very funny parody of a sci-fi television show.

There are many funny moments to enjoy as the crew (once they are encouraged to help out) cross space to help save their new friends from their arch-enemies. They have a hilarious encounter on a strange planet with creatures that look like big blue babies, so innocent and adorable that the crew foolishly stops to admire them. Several times in the movie the Thermians forget to turn on the devices that make them look and sound human, and the crew is shocked to see them for who they really are, which is like really gross octopi that walk.  Then there is the scene when the crew seeks the help of a young teenager on Earth,  a fan of the show, whose help is jeopardized when his mother yells at him to take out the trash.

One of the best things about this movie is the fine cast, which includes Alan Rickman, Sigourney Weaver, Tim Allen, Tony Shalhoub and Justin Long. I’ve enjoyed all of these actors in other movies (especially Rickman and Weaver) and they really shine here and make a so-so movie plot into a memorable comic masterpiece. It has won numerous awards, including a Hugo Award in 2000 for Best Dramatic Presentation.

If you like comedy and have seen these actors in other more recent films, you should definitely check out this movie. Highly recommended.

Check the WRL catalog for Galaxy Quest

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A drug smuggling operation in South Africa has the British government concerned, so they send James Bond (Sean Connery) in to investigate. The adventure begins in Holland,  where Bond is sent to follow and then take over the persona of  a drug smuggler by the name of Peter Franks. Bond then teams up with a Tiffany Case (Jill St. John) to move the diamonds into the United States, where he tracks the diamonds first to Los Angeles and eventually into Las Vegas where he uncovers a nefarious plot by his evil archnemesis Ernst Stavros Blofeld (Charles Gray).

This is my favorite Sean Connery Bond film, which was unfortunately his 6th and last role for the James Bond franchise, though he did return later to play an unofficial Bond role in “Never Say Never Again.” It has everything you expect to see in a “great” James Bond film. It has a fantastic plot involving a very evil guy doing naughty things with laser weapons in space. It has several great action sequences, including a car chase through the Las Vegas Strip with a very cool looking red Ford Mustang. It has beautiful women throughout the movie, including the aforementioned Jill St. John and Lana Ward as Plenty O’Toole. It has good character actors as well, especially one of my favorite regulars, Desmond Llewelyn, who plays “Q” the gadget guy in most of the movies in the Bond franchise.

One of the qualities of a classic Bond film is that it never takes itself too seriously. There is plenty of humor here (with the usual corny play on words) that balances the considerable amount of action. It also has good music by the film composer John Barry, who won five Oscars for his music and did most of the soundtracks for the James Bond films. This movie is highly recommended for anyone who likes a good action movie.

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Not for the faint of heart, this book by Elise Lufkin collects 53 stories about how some amazing dogs (and one special cat) overcame incredible hardship to make contributions in a variety of capacities, including therapy, service, and search-and-rescue.  These short, three-to-four page stories are written by the animals’ owners, who represent a wide range of ages and backgrounds. Black and white photographs by Diana Walker show the animals at their best.  If you pick this book up and start reading, you will not be able to put it down. The pictures and stories might bring a few tears, but the outcomes are so positive that you will cheer for these animals despite what they have been through.

To pique your interest, I will highlight three of my favorite animals featured in the book, the dogs Triumph and Kandu and Hope the cat.  Triumph is a beautiful Siberian Husky found by a roadside in Turkey with both of her rear legs cruelly cut off.  Turkish veterinarians posted her plight online, and a woman from the US managed a remarkable overseas adoption, even paying for her airfare. Once Triumph was settled in her new home, the lady had a friend make her two prostheses that she could use to walk and even run with. Triumph went through pet therapy training and now visits a children’s hospital, where she is a big hit with the children, who love to play with her soft fur.

Kandu is a cute little dog born without his front legs. He was adopted by a loving family who had him trained to be a Heeling Pet, where he was received warmly at hospitals and rehab facilities. At one of those facilities Kandu met and formed a special bond with Tyler, a 10-year old boy undergoing therapy after losing both of his feet and several fingers to an illness. Walker’s photograph of Kandu reaching up and licking Tyler’s face will melt your heart and is my favorite photo in the book.

Hope is an amazing cat who was found tending her kittens one day though she was bleeding profusely from what was probably a horrible run-in with an automobile’s fan belt.  After surgery to remove her rear legs,  she was finally adopted after receiving extensive publicity about her plight. Hope has become a natural as a mascot and fund-raiser for the local Humane Society, and members of a local hospice make reservations for Hope to come visit (while the lady who owns her is considered as little more than “Hope’s driver”).

There are several helpful resources located at the back of the book. “Adopting a Dog” is filled with questions and advice for the person interested in adopting a dog with sections like “How to start a search for the dog of your dreams” and tips for going “just to look” at a shelter. “To Get Involved” is a section about how you and your dog can get involved in the services featured in this book. A section with the names and websites of organizations mentioned in the book and a “Recommended Reading” list add value, while the amazing  stories and photos will stay in your memory long after you have finished reading. Highly recommended!

Check the WRL catalog for To the Rescue: Found Dogs with a Mission

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I like to browse our new book cart for books that would be interesting to read and share with others. I’m lucky to have found this little gem by Amy Stewart. Wicked Plants provides a good overview for the lay reader about the many kinds of plants that can be dangerous to humans and their animal friends. Stewart puts this danger in perspective when she lists a curious and chilling fact (especially if you have small children or pets): though there are 3,900 injuries per year from electrical outlets, there are over 68,847 poisonings per year from plants.

There are plenty of horror stories here that will make you think twice about eating plants in the wild (and may make you wonder about the food on your dinner table as well). If you have young kids, don’t let them make you a sandwich with plants they pick up from the outside. It could be made with poison hemlock, which killed a Scottish tailor in 1845 when he ate a sandwich made with hemlock picked (unknowingly?) by his children.

It didn’t take long for settlers of Jamestown Island here in Virginia to discover that the attractive weed prevalent  on the island (which soon became known as Jimson Weed, or Jamestown weed) could cause serious delusions and convulsions.  When British troops came to quell an uprising years later, they slipped some of the weed in the soldiers’ food and probably enjoyed watching the soldiers go crazy until the poison wore off.

Milk sickness was a common illness both in livestock and in humans in early 19th century America that claimed the life of Nancy Hanks Lincoln, the mother of Abraham Lincoln, in 1818. It wasn’t until 1834 that it was found to be caused by white snakeroot, a plant with a toxic poison eaten by livestock and then passed on to humans.

It’s not all doom and gloom, thankfully. There are plenty of interesting, humorous facts here.  Most of the ones I enjoyed were surprising facts and stories about illegal plants.  Consider the opium poppy: it is the only schedule II narcotic that one can order through a garden catalog. The drug company Bayer created the powerful drug heroin from opium poppy in 1898 and sold it as cough syrup for children and adults (only for 10 years!)  Marijuana was sold as a candy for children from 1864 to 1900 known as the “Arabian Gunje of Enchantment.”  Sigmund Freud wrote in 1895 that he felt “unbelievably well” after sniffing cocaine in his left nostril. Leaves of the coca plant (from which cocaine is made) are highly nutritious, so much so that one South American government proposed that they should be fed to schoolchildren in place of milk.

I really like the design of this book. It has a colorful green and black cover, and the color of the paper is a light brown, parchment-like color that gives the book an old feel  (almost like a book that you would find at Hogwarts). Many of the plants are beautifully illustrated by Jonathan Rosen with etchings by Briony Morrow-Cribs that look to be done in a combination of pencil and charcoal. They contain fine details that add tremendously to the value and pleasure in reading this book about wicked plants. Very highly recommended.

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I enjoy watching the Food Network to learn about various types of food. I also enjoy eating and like to think of myself as an enlightened consumer.  So I was naturally interested in this Oscar-nominated documentary produced by and featuring Eric Schlosser (Fast Food Nation) and Michael Pollan (The Omnivore’s Dilemma) that provides a broad and in-depth look at some of the problems and challenges facing the food industry in the United States.

They first look at the problems of the food industry and how these can harm and even prove fatal to the public. The move to mass-production of food over the last 50 years has led to a consolidation of companies that want to produce the most amount of food on the least amount of land for the cheapest price. That in and of itself is not a bad thing: later on you will see organic food companies mass producing their healthy products like yogurt. The problem comes about when companies insist on feeding corn to their livestock, which makes the animals get bigger and fatter more quickly.  Corn is also engineered to make synthetic products like high fructose corn syrup and ascorbic acid that add a considerable amount of fat to many of the products we eat, including peanut butter, ketchup, and Sweet N’ Low. When livestock are fed a high fat diet rather than grass, and are forced to live in very tight spaces,  bacteria like E-coli spread and can pose a serious threat to humans. Many companies use chemically treated meat filler that is now put in most of the hamburger in fast food restaurants. One of the “treats” of the documentary is to see how the filler is made in a factory, where it is run through an ammonia chamber and then packaged and sent to meat processing plants.  The problem is compounded by many of the big companies in the food industry. They resist all efforts to change, they lobby Congress and have been successful in getting their own people to run agencies like the FDA that are supposed to regulate their industry.

There is also the profound impact on people.  E-coli has sickened thousands of people and even led to the deaths of young children.  Diabetes 2 has become a widespread problem for both children and adults.  In one scene in the film, “The Dollar Menu” a poor family comes to terms with their reliance on fast food,  which is cheaper than healthier food they find in the grocery, but is more expensive in the long run when they consider the high cost of medications to control high blood pressure.

The challenges and opportunities of the organic food market are also examined. Though many organic farmers provide healthier products, many of them, like the comical farmer from Virginia interviewed while he “processes” a soon dead chicken,  have no means or desire to grow to meet demand. If people want to buy their food, then they have to either be lucky enough to live nearby or have the means to drive a considerable distance to buy food onsite. There are organic companies who have used mass production to become highly successful, like Stonyfield Farms. Their CEO, Gary Hirschberg, has the best quote when he states that organic food businesses, when going up against the big food industry corporations, needs to fight not as David going against Goliath, but as Goliath going up against Goliath – in other words, they need to get big enough to compete with the corporations.  And no company was better for them than Walmart, an unlikely ally which is a great outlet for their products able to sell millions of dollars of food every year. The fact that  Walmart does this for financial rather than ethical reasons does diminish this a little, but their willingness to consider organic products is an important first step, making them the only big company in the documentary to look at least somewhat good.

This is a thought-provoking documentary about the food industry that I recommend to anyone interested in where their food comes from. It concludes with 10 Things You Can Do To Change Our Food System that includes eat at home,  have meatless Mondays, and buy organic food made with little or no pesticides. Some of the images are disturbing but not overly graphic. Many of these images, however, will stay with you and make you think twice about eating fast food hamburgers or chicken nuggets. Highly recommended.

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eat_this_not_thatDavid Zinczenko is the editor-in-chief of Men’s Health magazine. I first noticed his “Eat This, Not That” column in the Yahoo.com Health section. One of the major shortcomings of any diet, according to Zinczenko, is that people do not have much control over how their food is prepared when they eat out at a restaurant.  Obviously you should avoid Double Whoppers if you care about your health and your waistline, but sometimes things are not so obvious: there are other entrees that sound healthy but actually aren’t. Eat This, Not That gives you the tools to make informed choices.

Chapter 1 has a list of the 20 worst foods in America, as well as a restaurant report card of popular fast-food and sit-down restaurants. Some of the grades were surprising to me– Chick-Fil-A gets an A+  while Panera Bread gets a D– but Zinczenko backs up his grade with a short summary of why each restaurant got the grade it did.

Chapter 2 features reviews of 60 popular restaurants. On the left page of each review is a healthy entree that is recommended  (“Eat This”). This includes a nice photograph of the dish, along with its nutritional information. An “Other Picks” section lists other recommended choices. The right page lists dishes that are not recommended  (“Not That”).

I found my share of favorites on the “Not That” side of these reviews. A funny but sobering feature is the “Weapon of Mass Destruction” — an item that can do unusually high damage to your health and waistline. (I did survive one of these weapons recently, the Five Guys Bacon Cheeseburger with barbecue sauce and mayo with fries, which has 1,750 calories and 82 grams of fat, 26 of them saturated.) There is also  a “Hidden Danger” warning with a big black exclamation point when an apparently healthy item is sabotaged by a hidden and unadvertised ingredient.

The other chapters provide even more tools to eating wisely. Chapter 4 is a guide to what food to eat and avoid on holidays and special occasions, which is especially appropriate now as we head into the Thanksgiving season (you will want to limit the amount of dark turkey meat after you read this section). Chapter 5 is a guide to supermarket shopping in the same Eat This / Not That format. I’m a big peanut butter fan, and I was surprised that a reduced-fat version is not recommended because …. well, you will have to read the book to find out.

Useful as the reviews are, they are by no means comprehensive, so you may want to check out some other titles in this series:  Eat this, not that! supermarket survival guide : the no-diet weight loss solutionEat this, not that! for kids! : thousands of simple food swaps that can save your child from obesity! and Eat This Not That! Restaurant and Fast Food Survival Guide: The No-Diet Weight Loss Solution. But this book is a great place to start in finding the right kinds of foods to eat and avoid to help you live a healthier life.

Check the WRL catalog for Eat This, Not That

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Classical 2009

classical2009One of my favorite CDs, Classical 2009 features a variety of pieces performed by some of the biggest names in the classical and classical crossover performing world. If you are a new listener to classical music– or if you are like me and you enjoy discovering new music– you are sure to find something you like on this album, featuring 40 selections and two-and-a-half hours of music.

Several selections are outstanding:

  • The Venezuelan pianist Gabriela Montero does a classical improvisation of the third movement of JS Bach’s Italian concerto that is very interesting and somewhat unusual, especially if you are used to hearing more jazz-infused improvisations done by the likes of the Jacques Loussier Trio and the Swingle Singers
  • The King’s Singers do a great  rendition of the traditional folksong “Scarborough Fair”; I’ve heard this sung many times but I’ve never heard such a beautiful arrangement, and the blending of their voices is really amazing
  • Sarah Brightman does a beautiful duet with the countertenor Fernando Lima in “Pasion” by Jorge Avendano Luhrs. She has such an incredible voice and it mixes well with Fernando Lima’s high tenor

There are many more artists you’ll enjoy: trumpeter Alison Balsom playing a selection from the Hummel Concerto; soprano Natasha Marsh singing an incredibly clear interpretation of the “Der Holle Roche” (Queen of the Night) aria from Mozart’s opera The Magic Flute; multi-talented pianist Myleene Klaas doing a fine arrangement of Ennio Morricone’s “Il Mercenario: Chi Mai” with the City Of Prague Philharmonic Orchestra.

Considering the huge selection here, you will no doubt find some pieces that are not to your liking– I usually do not care for heavy orchestral works, so Sir Simon Rattle’s interpretation of Mussorgsky’s “Great Gate Of Kiev” didn’t get much airtime in my CD player– but there is much to enjoy and discover on this album, so it comes highly recommended.

Check the WRL catalog for Classical 2009

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